They have improved the quality of cars and relieve bottlenecks associated with car manufacturing. Companies have experienced fewer complaints from the customer and have been relieved from warranty chargers. Additionally, it has relieved employees as they no longer work in dangerous or dirty places.
Automotive robots have given a competitive advantage to many modern car manufacturing industries. Automotive industries use robots majorly for spot welding or painting, but there are many other ways that robots can be applied in these industries. Therefore, that is why manufacturers turn to the robot for various reasons in ensuring that the operations run fast, accurate and of good quality. The following are the areas where robotic work is applied.
- Welding. Most robots are made in a form of a long and flexible arm. The arm is long enough to reach and weld car body panels. Similarly, some automotive are too high or big such that humans cannot be able to weld it comfortably. Robots handle such vehicles. Other robots are smaller in size. They weld subassemblies such as mounts and brackets. The repeatable cycle of welding ensures that the fabrication is welded to the highest standard possible.
- Assembly. Robots are very accurate and precise when assembling automotive parts. They perform functions such as screw driving, wheel mounting, windshield installation and many other tasks in the assembly plants. Additionally, there are also other high-speed robots in automotive industry call delta machines. They are used to assemble the smaller components of automotive such as motors and pumps.
- Painting. Painting of cars in manufacturing industries is not a new concept. Furthermore, qualified painters have been hard to find nowadays, therefore, robots make a perfect option. It is easier to use robots, especially on big sized vehicles. It is fast. Painting is a complex process. It is a hard work and toxic for human beings. Additionally, it helps to reduce paint wastage since the robot has a flow meter which distributes the exact amount of paint on each part.
- Cutting and trimming. The robot is capable of following a complex path over and over again. This makes it ideal to perform the cutting and trimming work effectively. Example, cutting of fabrics such as headliners, polishing moldings and trimming plastics moldings. Additionally, robots have a force-sensing technology which enables the robot to maintain a constant pressure over the surfaces. Therefore, this boosts uniformity of materials.
- Part transfer. There are some operations in an automotive industry that are risky for human beings to handle. For example, pouring molten metal in a yard or moving of metal stamp to different presses is very unpleasant to work for human beings, but they are ideal tasks for robots.
- Machine tending. Machine tending entails automated loading and unloading from hot hold machines. It is a very dangerous work to be done by human workers and hence requires consistency which is only ideal for robots. Robots are able to tend all machines in both sheers and presses to injection molding
Cars and automotive industries are the areas where robots are used consistently. People have adopted them since they have proved to be reliable and concise. Robots are easy to program and automate to perform all the required functions. They are put in place to enhance productivity, safety, and quality thereby reducing cost and manufacturing time. However, robots are prone to some challenges such as system breakdown or failure. Therefore it is advisable to work with experienced integration personnel to ensure that the robots work effectively and in case of failure, they are reinstated faster. Additionally, consider having qualified personnel who are able to oversee the robots when performing their functions.